Sights Of Paris

13.05.2020
Sights Of Paris
Paris is known for its most beautiful sights. Let's imagine some of them. The Louvre is the largest and oldest Museum in the world and is located in the center of Paris. It used to be a Royal Palace, later transformed into a Museum. It first opened during The French revolution on November 8, 1793. This is where the masterpieces of art are located. The first exhibits are the Royal collections of Italian paintings, and "the Beautiful gardener” and "Gioconda" came to the Museum from the collection of Francis the First. "Marriage in Cana of Galilee” was stolen from the monastery of Venice in 1798, and in 1820, the sculpture of Venus of Milo was transferred to the Museum. During the Napoleonic era, the Museum's collection included archaeological items from the Middle East and Egypt. Escort girls of Paris also do not leave anyone indifferent, and are always happy to meet and help tourists relax!

The Museum stores 300 thousand exhibits of various eras and cultures, but only 35 thousand are on display, and the rest is in the Museum's vaults. The arc de Triomphe is the largest arch in Europe. It is one of the main attractions and symbol of Paris. It honors those who fought for France during the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars. In December 1805, after winning the battle of Austerlitz, Napoleon decided to build a triumphal arch on the hill of Chaillot. The arch is built in the antique style and is decorated with four sculptural groups. It bears the names of 558 French officers and 128 battle titles. The arch is surrounded by 100 granite pillars in honor of the 100 days (from March 20 to June 22, 1815) of Bonaparte's second reign. But Napoleon did not have time to see the arc de Triomphe, as he died, and its construction was completed in 1836. Military parades are held here every year. The grave of the unknown soldier has an inscription: "here lies a French soldier who gave his life for the Motherland, 1914-1918".

If you compare it with the American Statue of Liberty (46 meters), the Parisian Statue has a more modest size (11.5 meters). It is located on Swan island (note that the American Statue of Liberty was presented by France to America in 1885 for the centenary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence of the United States). In the hand of the statue there is a tablet with significant dates: these are the dates of the American and French revolutions. However, in addition to this statue, there are three other statues of Liberty - one is located in the Museum of fine arts and crafts, another - in the Luxembourg garden, and the third-near the Eiffel tower. The Champs-Elysees used to be called " the Queen's Road”, but after the Royal court moved to Versailles, this Avenue turned into a beautiful place to walk, and in the 18th century. it acquired the name of the Champs-Elysees and has since become a popular place for walking. Its Northern part consists of three squares: the square of the Ambassadors, the square of the Elysee Palace and the square of Marigny. The square of Ambassadors is named after the mansions where the residences of foreign ambassadors were located. It is now the Pierre Cardin cultural center. The residence of the President of France is the Elysee Palace. And the third square is named after the Marigny theater, which opened in 1885.

The Champs-Elysees is a great place for national holidays: every year on July 1, Bastille day, a military parade is held with the presence of the President of France, government members and foreign ambassadors. There are also multi-day Cycling races “Tour de France”, and on the eve of Christmas and New year, the beautiful Champs-Elysees are transformed: they are decorated with wonderful garlands. For a long time, the grave of Napoleon was unknown to the French people. Only one soldier of the Kingdom of England protected the stone that hid the grave. England handed over the body of the great commander to France only 20 years after his death. The body was sent for by the Prince of Joinville, the son of king Louis-Philippe I. In December 1840, the “reburial " took place” Great commander. First, Bonaparte's coffin was placed in the chapel of St. Jerome, and in 1861 it was placed in the sarcophagus. Its lid is made of rare red porphyry, delivered from Russia from the Emperor Nicholas I, and around the coffin are written the names of cities visited by Napoleon and his army. The floor of the tomb is made of mosaic in the shape of a star. Two statues holding Bonaparte's awards are placed around the tomb.

The Sacre Coeur Basilica offers a beautiful view of the whole of Paris. At the entrance there are sculptures of Saint Louis and Joan of Arc. They are made of bronze. The walls of this magnificent structure are decorated with white and pink shades. The Basilica is called the Church of the "sacred heart" in honor of the eponymous feast of Christ, dedicated to the memory of those who died in the Franco – Prussian war. The temple is located on the hill of Montmartre. The chief architect is Paul Abadi, but he was unable to complete the Cathedral due to his death. Five architects began to complete the construction, each of them making amendments in their own way: for example, the domes had the shape of an egg, and the bell tower was built in a completely different style. Note that the Sacre – Coeur Basilica is considered one of the three significant symbols of Paris in the field of architecture. Alexander the Third bridge-a gift from Tsar Nicholas II to Paris. This bridge symbolizes the friendship between the French capital and Moscow. This is the largest bridge in Paris. It's made of metal. The entrance on both sides is decorated with two twenty-meter pylons, which, in turn, are decorated with gilded Pegasus and figures of people, symbolizing science and art (right Bank), industry and war (left Bank).

And the sculptures represent four historical epochs of France: "Medieval France”," Modern France”, “France in the Renaissance”and "France under Louis XIV". The first two are visible from the right Bank, and the last – from the left. The Eastern side of the bridge is decorated with nymphs of the Seine with the arms of Paris, and the Eastern nymphs of the Neva with the arms of St. Petersburg. Visit Paris and you will have a great impression of this city.
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